cara Install SSL certificate on Laravel site – Ubuntu/Apache

cara Install SSL certificate on Laravel site – Ubuntu/Apache

 

SSL certificate may seem to you like unnecessary thing on blogs, tutorial sites, company pages .. well any page that does not involve echeckout form or some sensitive data. But, the truth is that they became a standard if you take care about SEO.

Recently Google published in this post that it will start to index HTTPS pages by default, and favor sites which have valid certificates. Translated to plain English, this means, you will lose Google ranks if your site is not served over HTTPS and Google finds some other site in the same niche which uses certificate. After you see how easy it is to implement certificate for your site, you will ask yourself how come you didn’t do that earlier.

We will install FREE SSL certificate from Comodo in this tutorial. This certificate is fully functional and verified for 90 days, enough time to validate it. After you set this one up, you can switch it with paid one in matter of seconds.

SSL certificate types

There are three basic types of certificates:

  • Domain Validated Certificate – DV
  • Organization Validated Certificate – OV
  • Extended Validation Certificate – EV

DV certificates are ones that are checked against domain registry or issuer of certificate. There is no organization behind this, you can buy it and install on your website without any company paper. OV certificate requires organization authentication by real agents against business registries in countries of origin. In browser user will see green/gray padlock for sites with DV and OV certificates. OV will provide slightly more information about certificate if user clicks on that padlock.

EV certificates are most trusted ones and they include complete validation of company, hence they are the most expensive. When it comes to online transactions and e-commerce they are a standard. In browser user will see green line with company name and country code of the company.

For more details about certificates you can checkout this  great article from Symantec.

In this tutorial we will install free DV certificate from Comodo and it will cover one domain or one subdomain. It will be valid for both versions: with www and without. Once when you apply for free certificate for one domain/subdomain you will not be able to  apply again with different subdomain, you will need to buy certificate.

Getting Free Certificate

Visit https://www.comodo.com/e-commerce/ssl-certificates/free-ssl-certificate.php and click through FREE SSL button. There you will find certificate application form. First thing you will notice is that it is asking you for Certificate Signing Request (CSR). That request contains details about domain, administrator and other not required stuff.

I am using Ubuntu 14.04 LTS and apache in this tutorial. So you will need to visit your server and type following:

This command will start process of creating two files: the private key file for the decryption of SSL certificate and CSR which is used for applying for new SSL certificate.

When you are asked about Common Name enter fully qualified domain name for site you are securing. If it is subdomain, enter that subdomain. In my case it was: tuts.codingo.me. After this fill out other required details and you will get these two files. Enter real e-mail address, cause Comodo will deliver certificate to your Inbox.

Copy content of server-name.csr file into Comodo form.

For other form details I selected Apache-ModSSL and SHA2. Now wait a couple of minutes until you receive files from Comodo.

Installing certificate

Now you need to copy all certificate files into /etc/ssl/ which is like default route for certs, or you can copy them to some different directory. In my case I will use /etc/ssl/tuts/. That folder will contain all files I got from Comodo and .key file I generated on my server.

Configuring Apache virtual host for SSL

Now visit /etc/apache2/sites-available/ where Apache keeps virtual host configurations. There you will find default-ssl.conf file. You can copy that file into new one:

Main modifications are related to: ServerAdmin, DocumentRoot, SSLEngine, SSLCertificateFile,SSLCertificateKeyFile and SSLCertificateChainFile. Based on Apache configuration you may need to add ServerName key under ServerAdmin.

Now you should enable ssl mod for apache with:

After this reload web server

Now you should enable that new ssl configuration, so from site-available directory do:

And again reload web server.

 

Testing HTTPS

After all these commands, SSL should be installed. Visit your site with https and test are resources loading normally. For sure you will need to modify many paths for resources/assets so site can load them over https. Make sure that each page loads resources over secure connection, or encryption will be broken, and some browsers will display warning.

Laravel part

In previous versions of Laravel some application based redirects were required, but in new versions you only need to insert 2 lines into .htaccess file.

Only new part are these 2 lines, which force redirects to https.

Congratulations! Now your site uses SSL certificate.

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